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How to Write a Research Paper? Research Paper Format


Writing and publishing a research paper is important for an/a academician, researcher, and scientist. Publishing the article in a reputed and high impact factor journal may fetch you a scholarship, funding to carry out R&D projects and makes your profile strong. Here, in iLovePhD you can find out everything you need to know to write an effective research paper with a sample research paper format.

How to Write a Research Paper?

The first step is to select your target journal before start writing your article. It could be easy to shape your manuscript according to the journal’s requirement, which would increase the chance of accepting your manuscript. After choosing your target journal, start reading the research papers relevant to your work, which are already published in that journal. This can help you to get an idea of the editor’s expectation and guide your writing.


Use clear and simple language which helps the reader to read and understand easily. Ensure that your present research work is unique and novel from already published works, though your concept is existing. Write your article with full confidence to give your reader certainty in your work. Relate your research with key work which is reported already and show how you are working to eliminate the research gap. Plan a logical sequence of the manuscript, develop ideas succinctly and precisely.

The structure of the research paper is as important as the content itself and helps the reader to get a clear understanding of your work. The format of a research paper is presented below.

Good Research Paper Format


The title of a manuscript should indicate theme of the research work. It should be clear, specific, and attractive to the readers to read the article.


  • In addition to the title that grabs the readers the attention, a well-written abstract is important.
  • The abstract is what researchers/scientist reads first to identify the article is worth reading.
  • It is suggested to rewrite the abstract after finish writing the entire manuscript.
  • Superfluous sentences and irrelevant statements should be eliminated.
  • The authors must highlight the novelty of the work. The abstract should be focussing on the following points.
  • What was investigated in the study (State briefly the specific objectives of the study)
  • Why was it done
  • How was it done
  • What are the important findings of the study      
  • What is the significance of the study


The keywords should be relevant to the work and it should be easy for the readers to search for the manuscript. Five to seven keywords are essential.


  • The introduction should clearly address the significance and impact of the manuscript.
  • The research on a particular area may be intensively published so that describing novelty is of significance.
  • It should have a clear point regarding the advancement or improvement and a motivation to carry out the research work.
  • Discuss the literatures pertaining to the work and identify the research gap.
  • Literature review should take into consideration the current state of the literature.
  • Frame the objectives of the study clearly based on the research gap.
  • It is suggested to write introduction and conclusion last, once the skeleton of the manuscript become clear.


  • The methodology should elaborate on how the research study was conducted.
  • It includes experimental procedure/steps followed, preparation methods, instrumentation used, and formula.
  • The readers should get a clear vision of how the research study was carried out by reading the methods section.

Results and Discussion

  • The results and discussion section of any manuscript is discussed in detail about the research findings.
  • The discussion need to be beyond the findings and to emphasize more on the claims.
  • The interpretations about the experimental results should be explained scientifically, and logically in-line with fundamental science and principles.
  • To support the findings, the results can be expressed in any formats (plots, models, expressions etc.).
  • The results reported in your manuscript should be original, reliable, ad reproducible.
  • The results obtained in the present study may also be compared with the results reported in the literatures.


  • It includes the summary of the research findings and the overall impression of the study.
  • A good conclusion will complete the article’s arguments, research outcome, and further scope of studies.
  • It should be strong enough to convince the researchers.


  • Citing references at appropriate places in the paper is necessary and important to avoid plagiarism.
  • When you cite a reference, make sure that you understand its relevance to your research work.
  • The references should be listed at the end of the manuscript and each journal has its own referencing style.


The authors can submit a brief acknowledgement of any financial, instrumentation, and academic support received pertaining to research work.

Hope, this article helps you to learn how to write a research paper for your research work with good research paper format.