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How to Write a Thesis? PhD Thesis Format

 
A Thesis or Dissertation is a document that presents the author’s research and findings and is submitted in support of candidature for a degree or professional qualification. Thesis statements at the primary argument and it tells supervisors what you want to ascertain. It goes to all depth of topic throughout the thesis work and in the conclusion part, the topic and its finding are summarized. In this article, phdpro lists the PhD Dissertation or thesis format in detail to know how to write a thesis.

General PhD Dissertation/Thesis Format to Write a Thesis

ABSTRACT

  • Includes aspects of all parts of the paper. 
  • Introduction, Method, Results, and Discussions are part of it.
  • Is self-contained
  • A Reader can tell from the abstract alone what the paper is about ØUsually 120 words or less

Chapter 1: INTRODUCTION

  • Set the scene and problem statement. Introduce structure of thesis, state contributions.
    • States the problem the paper addresses.
    • Puts the problem in the theoretical context.
    • Cites earlier work on the problem.
    • States what the study will contribute to understanding the problem.
    • States the hypotheses of the study.

Chapter 2: BACKGROUND

  • Demonstrate wider appreciation (context). The study should motvate the fellow researchers.
  • The problem statement and the motivation state how you want the PhD to be judged – as engineering, scientific method, theory, philosophy, etc.

Chapter 3: RELATED WORK

  • Survey and critical assessment. Relation to your own work.
  • Extensive literature review will help you to address the research gap.

Chapter 4: METHODOLOGY

  • Discuss about the tools, techniques and the approach used to carry out the research and gather data.

General:

  • Another person could replicate your study
  • A reader could study and tell whether conclusions are valid
  • Everything is in the past tense
  • Covers: participants, apparatus, design, procedure etc.

Participants:

  • Describes the participants and their characteristics
  • Tells how the participants were selected
  • States what inducements were offered for participation
  • Lists species, strain, supplier, age, and other specifics of subjects

Materials:

  • Lists equipment, computer programs, questionnaires used.
  • If apparatus is specialized, refers to articles that describe it.
  • Describe custom equipment, programs, and the like.

Design:

  • This subsection appears only in a report of an experiment, not in a survey, observational study, or the like
  • Describes the logic of the experiments.
  • Lists variables and levels of independent variables.

Procedure:

  • Describes steps in carrying out design.
  • Procedure subsection may be incorporated into the design.
  • List methods of control, such as randomization.
  • Summarizes specialized instructions to participants.
  • Instructions may include a scale for response

Chapter 5-6:  Data

Data part is the important chapter for every researcher how looking for how to write a thesis. it includes Analysis, design, implementation and interpretation of results.

General:

  • Use only past tense

How the Data were handled:

  • Describes any transformations made on the data.
  • Explains any data that were eliminated from analysis

What was found:

  • States principal findings clearly.
  • Avoids description of individual subjects or individual data points.
  • Refers reader to table or figure, if applicable.
  • Doesn’t repeat detailed information found in the table.

Statistics:

  • Doesn’t let a description of statistics substitute for a description of results.
  • Names any statistic used and gives statistical significance of results (value of statistic, degrees of freedom, significance level).
  • Generally avoids describing trends or data points that are not statistically significant.

Chapter 7: CRITICAL ASSESSMENT OF OWN WORK

  • State hypothesis, and demonstrate precision, thoroughness, contribution, and comparison with closest rival.

DISCUSSION

  • Clearly states whether hypotheses were supported.
  • Interprets results.
  • Avoids introducing further results, except incidental to comparison with other published results.
  • Relates results to those of others.
  • Cites other work discussed.
  • Relates results to theory
  • Discusses limitations and weaknesses of results.
  • Avoids ad hoc explanations of difficulties.
  • Discusses implications for further research.
  • Suggests applications of findings, when appropriate.
  • Avoids undue speculation.
  • States conclusions in the present tense

Chapter 8: FURTHER WORK

  • Recommend further scope of your study based on the present work.

Chapter 9: SUMMARY CONCLUSIONS

  • Restate contribution and make conclusions.
  • The conclusion should solve the real-time problems.

Chapter 10: Additional Information

  • Appendix
  • Bibliography

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